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Open-Mindedness - Resources

Open-mindedness is the readiness to step outside one’s own point of view to consider the merits of alternative perspectives, with a willingness to change one’s beliefs when that is warranted.  Open-mindedness follows from a genuine love of truth, and the humility to admit that one's own view might be mistaken.

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  • Baehr, Jason. (2012). The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  • Lear, Jonathan. (1998). Open Minded: Working Out the Logic of the Soul. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Riggs, Wayne. (2010). "Open-Mindedness.” Metaphilosophy 41(1 – 2): 172-188.


  • Kruglanski, A.W. (2005). The Psychology of Closed Mindedness: Essays in Social Psychology. New York: Psychology Press.
  • Seligman, Martin EP. (2004). Character Strengths and Virtues: A handbook and Classification. vol. 1. Oxford University Press.
  • Stanovich, K. E. (1999). Who is rational? Studies of Individual Differences in Reasoning. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.


  • Adler, Jonathan. (2004). "Reconciling Open-Mindedness and Belief." Theory and Research in Education, 2: 127–42.
  • Dewey, John. (1933). “How We Think.” In J. A. Boydston (ed.), The Later Works of John Dewey, Vol. 8, 1925 – 1953, Revised Edition, Essays and How We Think. Carbondale, Ill: Southern Illiniois University Press, 2008.
  • Hare, William. (1983). Open-Mindedness and Education. Montreal: Mcgill Queens University Press.