"The STRIVE-4 Model of Virtues as a Research Framework for Realistic Virtues"
October 6, 2021 | 12:00 - 1:00 PM CST
Meeting ID: 930 0620 0428
Blaine Fowers, Ph.D.
Professor of Councseling Psychology
University of Miami
Presentation Abstract: I begin with two points. First, there are robust literatures on both the philosophy and psychology of virtue, but these literatures do not yet amount to a mature science of virtue because of unresolved theoretical and methods challenges. Second, one lesson from both empirical psychology and virtue skeptics is that they must be seen as realistic characteristics. I present the STRIVE-4 Model, which consists of Scalar Traits that are Role sensitive, include Situation × Trait Interactions, and are related to important Values that help to constitute Eudaimonia. The four elements of virtues are behavior, cognition, affect/motivation, and practical wisdom. The model depicts virtues as empirically verifiable, acquired scalar traits that are role sensitive that interact with situations, and exist to actualize important values that partly constitute eudaimonia (human flourishing). Importantly, I present ordinary virtues as realistic traits that fall short of the idealized portrayal by Aristotle. Heuristically, the STRIVE-4 model suggests many hypotheses, some of which I present to illustrate how the Model can organize extant studies, which means that current psychological research (weakly) supports virtue trait optimism not skepticism. The STRIVE-4 Model can also guide future research toward a mature science of virtue. I conclude that the STRIVE-4 framework can unify extant research and fruitfully guide future research.
About Dr. Blaine Fowers: Blaine Fowers, Ph.D. is Professor of Counseling Psychology at the University of Miami. He conducts theoretical and empirical investigations of virtue and flourishing. Fowers has written or co-written five books, including Frailty, Suffering, and Vice: Flourishing in the Face of Human Limitations (2017, APA), The Evolution of Ethics: Human Sociality and the Emergence of Ethical Mindedness (2015, Palgrave Macmillan), Virtue and Psychology (2005, APA), Beyond the Myth of Marital Happiness (2000, Jossey Bass), and Re-Envisioning Psychology (1999, Jossey Bass). He and his research team study virtues, higher order goals, and their links to choiceworthy goods and human flourishing. Fowers has published over 100 peer reviewed articles, books, and book chapters. He was a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Birmingham, England in 2016. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and a recipient of the Joseph B. Gittler Award for Contributions to the Philosophical Foundations of Psychology.