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Erosion Prevention Practices

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Erosion Prevention Practices

Mulching

Image source: http://rpitt.eng.ua.edu/Class/ Erosioncontrol/Module1/Module1.htm
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Mulching is a temporary erosion Best Management Practice that involves the application of mulch materials such as organic residue, compost and gravels to the land surface. The mulch material protects soil from rain drops, maintains soil moisture and temperature, slows runoff velocity, and controls erosion and sediment.

Fact Sheets

Erosion Control Mulching Statewide Urban Design and Specifications, Iowa

Mulching Idaho Department Of Environmental Quality

Mulch option for erosion control on construction sites North Carolina Cooperative Extension

Mulching (page 45 of Iowa construction site erosion control manual) Iowa Department of Natural Resources

Straw Mulching Fact Sheets

Straw mulch, California Stormwater Quality Association

Straw mulch, Caltrans Division of construction California

Straw Mulching, Washington Conservation District

Hydraulic Mulching Fact Sheets

Hydraulic Mulching, Caltrans Division of Construction California

Rock Mulching Fact Sheets

Compost Blanket Fact Sheets

Compost blanket, California Stormwater Quality Association

Compost blankets for runoff and erosion control, USDA

Vegetation

Image Source: http://www.dot.ca.gov/design/lap/landscape-design/erosion-control/index.html
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Vegetation refers to a ground cover that serves as soil protection from the forces of erosion. It is the most efficient method of controlling soil erosion. Maintaining existing vegetation and establishing new ones stabilizes slopes, keeps soil firm together, reduces the speed of stormwater runoff, increases surface roughness and water infiltration, traps sediments, and controls soil erosion. In addition, vegetation captures other pollutants including sediments, nutrients and other toxic chemicals, thereby ensuring water quality.

Fact Sheets

Using Vegetation for Erosion Control, Oklahoma State University

Temporary Erosion Control Seeding, Iowa Statewide Urban Design and Specification

Permanent Seeding, Iowa Statewide Urban Design and Specification

Preservation of Existing Vegetation , Caltrans California

Ground cover, Northern River Catchment Management Authority Australia

Handbooks/Manuals

Vegetation Barriers for Erosion Control, Kika de la Garza Plant Materials Center Texas

Rolled Erosion Control

roll-erosion-control
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RECP involve the use of natural or synthetic materials to control soil erosion and to enhance the establishment and growth of vegetation. RECP material are temporarily or permanently designed products installed in areas that are vulnerable to erosion.  These products include erosion control blanket, netting, open weave textiles, and turf reinforcement mats. RECPs are installed following site preparation, seeding, trenching, deployment and staking. Once installed, RECPs stabilize disturbed areas, slow runoff velocity, reduce soil erosion, and promote vegetation growth

 

Fact Sheets on Erosion Control Blankets/Mats

Stormwater Best Management Practice, Compost Blanket, United State Environmental Protection Agency

Erosion Control Blanket System, Tahoe Regional Planning Agency, Nevada

Erosion Control Blankets, Association of Illinois Soil and Water

Erosion Control, Slope Stabilization, Forest County, Wisconsin

Erosion Control Blankets, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Geotexiles and Mats, California Stormwater Quality Association

Erosion Control Matting, Department pf Parks and Wildlife California

Erosion Control Mats, Catchment and Creek Pty Ltd Australia

Fact Sheets on Turf Reinforcement Mats

Turf Reinforcement Mats, United State Environmental Protection Agency

Turf Reinforcement Mats, Texas Department of Transportation

Turf Reinforcement Mats, Catchment and Creek Pty Ltd Australia

Turf Reinforcement Mats, South Dakota Department of Transportation

Handbooks/ Manuals

Mulches, Blankets, and Mats, Metropolitan Council/ Barr Engineering Co. Minnesota

Guideline for Installing Rolled Erosion Control Products in Slope and Channel Applications, Erosion Control Technology Council U.S.

Comprehensive Roll Erosion Control Resources

Rolled Erosion Control Products, Urban Drainage and Flood Control District, Denver Colorado

Geotexiles, Mats, Plastic Covers and Erosion Control Blankets, Caltrans California

Terracing

terracing
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Terracing is an erosion Best Management Practice (BMP) that protects soil from the erosive forces of water. Terraces include constructed ridges and channels across a slope. Once well-constructed, a terrace reduces runoff velocity and accumulation on slopes and prevents soil erosion.

 

Fact Sheets

Gradient Treatment/Terracing, Chattanooga, Hamilton County Water Quality Program Tennessee

Terracing, City of Nashville Tennessee

Terracing, Urban Drainage and Flood Control District, Denver Colorado

Terracing, United State Department of Agriculture Arkansas

Gully Mitigation

gully
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Gully erosion is the extreme stage of soil erosion. It is the process by which soil is removed by surface water runoff along the drainage lines, forming deep channels. Gully erosion washes away the fertile soil, making the soil unproductive. However, this can change with good gully management strategies which are found in documents provided on this websites.