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Lee Bement

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Leland C. Bement

Senior Researcher

Ph.D. 1991 University of Texas



Research Interests

I am primarily interested in the development of New World hunting technologies. I specialize in animal bone archaeology, particularly as represented in Plains bison kill sites of all ages. Reconstructing herd demographics is as important as reconstructing the butchering programs employed after a successful kill. The interplay between people, prey animals, landscape features, and the environment reveals social as well as technological developments in hunter-gatherer and horticultural societies. 


2017    Carlson, K., and L. Bement. The Bull Creek Site: Late Paleoindian Encampment in the Oklahoma Panhandle. In: Plainview: The Enigmatic Artifact Style of the Great Plains, edited by Vance T. Holliday, Ruthann Knudson, and Eileen Johnson, pp. 122-144. University of Utah Press.

2017    Carlson, K.C., L.C. Bement, B.J. Carter, B.J. Culleton, D.J. Kennett. A Younger Dryas Signature in Bison Bone Stable isotopes from the Southern Plains of North America. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports DOI 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.03.001.

2016    Carlson, K.C., B. Culleton, D. Kennett, and L. Bement. Tightening Chronology of Paleoindian Bison Kill Sites on the Northern and Southern Plains. PaleoAmerica 2(2):90-98. DOI:10.1080/20555563.2016.1171961.

2016    Bement, L. Assessing Flint Knapping Skill: An Analysis of the Beaver River Complex Folsom Point Assemblages, Northwest Oklahoma, USA. PaleoAmerica 2(2):159-168. DOI:10.1080/20555563.2016.1171945.

2016    Arauza, Hanna M., Alexander R. Simms, Leland C. Bement, Brian J. Carter, Travis Conley, Ammanuel Woldergauy, William C. Johnson, and Priyank Jaiswal. Geomorphic and sedimentary responses of the Bull Creek Valley (Southern High Plains, USA) to Pleistocene and Holocene environmental change. Quaternary Research 85:118-132.

2016    Bement, L. and B. Carter. Folsom Bison Hunting on the Southern Plains of North America. In: Stones, Bones, and Profiles: Exploring Archaeological Context, Early American Hunter-Gatherers, and Bison, edited by Marcel Kornfeld and Bruce B. Huckell, pp. 291-311. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

2015    Bement, L. and B. Carter, From Mammoth to Bison: Changing Clovis Prey Availability at the End of the Pleistocene. In Clovis: On the Edge of a New Understanding. Edited by Ashley Smallwood and Thomas Jennings, pp. 263-275. Texas A&M Press, College Station.

2014    Bement, L. The JS Cache: Clovis Provisioning the Southern Plains Late Pleistocene Landscape.  In Clovis Caches: Recent Discoveries & New Research. Edited by Bruce B. Huckell and J. David Kilby, pp. 61-77. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.

2014    Bement, L.C., A.S. Madden, B.J. Carter, A.R. Simms, A.L. Swindle, H.M. Alexander, S. Fine, M. Benamara. Quantifying the Distribution of Nanodiamonds in Pre-Younger Dryas to Recent Age Deposits along Bull creek, Oklahoma Panhandle, USA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111:1726-1731.

2013    Carlson, K.C., L.C. Bement. Organization of Bison Hunting at the Pleistocene/Holocene Transition on the Plains of North America. Quaternary International 297:93-99.

2013    Johnson, Eileen, Patrick Lewis, and Leland Bement. Taking the Measure of a Mark: Exploring Mark Morphometrics and Human Behavior.  Great Plains Research 23(1):59-79.

2010    Bement, L. Replicating Bone Tools and Other Fauno Technologies.  In Designing Experimental Research in Archaeology, Examining Technology through Production and Use. Edited by Jeffery R. Ferguson, pp. 225-240. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

2010    Bement, Leland, and Brian Carter. Jake Bluff: Clovis Bison Hunting on the Southern Plains of North America.  American Antiquity 75(4):907-933.

2009    Bement, L. Clovis Sites, Gut Piles and Environmental Reconstructions in Northwest Oklahoma.  Plains Anthropologist 54(212):325-331.

2009    Johnson, Eileen and Leland Bement.  Bison Butchery at Cooper, A Folsom Site on the Southern Plains.  Journal of Archaeological Science 36:1430-1446.

2007    Bement, Leland, Brian J. Carter, R.A. Varney, Linda Scott Cummings, and J. Byron Sudbury. Paleo-Environmental Reconstruction and Bio-Stratigraphy, Oklahoma Panhandle, USA. Quaternary International 169-170:39-50.

2007    Bement, L., Bonfire Shelter: A Jumping Off Point for Comments for Byerly et al. American Antiquity 72(2):166-175.

2002    Bement, L. Pickin' Up the Pieces: Folsom Projectile Point Re-Sharpening Technology. In Folsom Technology and Lifeways, edited by J.E. Clark and M.B. Collins, pp 135-140. Special Publication No. 4, Lithic Technology.  University of Tulsa, Tulsa.

2005    Bement, Leland, Ernest Lundelius, Jr. and Richard Ketcham). Hoax or History: A Bison Skull with Embedded Calf Creek Projectile Point. Plains Anthropologist 50(195):221-226.

2003    Constructing the Cooper Model of Folsom Bison Kills on the Southern Plains. Great Plains Research 13:27-41.

2003    Carter, Brian and Leland Bement. Geoarchaeology of the Cooper Site, Northwest Oklahoma:  Evidence for Multiple Folsom Bison Kills.  Geoarchaeology: An International Journal 18(1):115-127.

1999    Bement, L. Bison Hunting at Cooper Site:  Where Lightning Bolts Drew Thundering Herds.  University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

1999    Bement, L. View from a Kill:  The Cooper Site Folsom Lithic Assemblages.  In Folsom Lithic Technology:  Explorations in Structure and Variation, Edited by Daniel S. Amick, pp 111-121.  International Monographs in Prehistory, Archaeological Series 12.  Ann Arbor. 

1994    Bement, L. Hunter-Gatherer Mortuary Practices During the Central Texas Archaic.  University of Texas Press, Austin.

1994    Rothschild, Bruce, Leland Bement, and Christine Rothschild Lithopedion as an Archaic Occurrence.  International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 4:247-250.

1993    Rothschild, Bruce, Christine Rothschild, and Leland Bement. Three Millenia Antiquity of the Lithokelyphos Variety of Lithopedian.  American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 169:140-141.

1992    Turpin, Solveig A., Leland Bement, and Herbert H. Eling, Jr.  Big Lake:  A Playa Bison Kill Site in West Texas.  Current Research in the Pleistocene 9:45-46.

1992    Turpin, Solveig A. and Leland Bement.  Skyline Shelter and Devils Triangular Dart Points:  Evidence for a New Component of the Lower Pecos Early Archaic Sequence, Southwest Texas.  Plains Anthropologist 37:41-57.

1988    Turpin, Solveig A. and Leland Bement.  Archaeological Investigations in Seminole Sink.  In:  Seminole Sink:  Excavation of a Vertical Shaft Tomb, Val Verde County, Texas, compiled by S.A. Turpin. Plains Anthropologist Memoir 22 33(122):19-36.

1985    Bement, L. Spray Foam:  A New Bone Encasement Technique.  Journal of Field Archeology 12(3):371-372.